Heart diseases, cancer, diabetes, COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), hypertension, kidney disease, obesity, arthritis, depression and injuries are the major health threats not only in India but all over the world. Particular lifestyles and rules of fitness can help in the particular disease or disorder. Some lifestyle changes improve fitness and quality of life and decrease the risk of many different disease or disorder. For example the three major causes of death all over the world are heart diseases, cancer and stroke.
These are more likely to occur in people who have poor lifestyle especially taking a diet of high calories, not exercising regularly and smoking etc. After having appropriate information, people can take proper decisions and establish healthy habits.
To meet the challenges of day- to-day life everyone must keep himself physically fit. Physical fitness adds years to one’s life. While participating in fitness programme many benefits can be derived, the most important benefit of all is that individuals enjoy better quality of life./p>
One can enjoy his life to its fullest potential. Many people think that physical fitness is required only for sports persons, but actually it is necessary of everyone to lead a healthy and better life.
Means of fitness Development
1. Standing Broad Jumps
A person standing behind the starting line with the feet parallel to each other. He is instructed to jump as farthest as possible by bending knees and swinging arms to take off for the broad jump in the forward direction.
2. Bent Knee Sit Ups
The person lie on back with knees bent, feet on the floor with heels not more than 12 inches from the buttocks. The angle of knees should be less than 90 degree. Thenhe put his/her hands on the back of the neck with fingers clasped and to place the elbow squarely on the mat or turf of floor. Then his feet are held by a companion to ascertain that the feet do not leave the surface and remain touching it. Then he tightens the abdominal muscles and to bring the head and elbows forward so as to curl up to touch the elbows to the knees. The entire above process constitutes one sit ups.
Push-ups are used to measure the arms strength and endurance. A standard push up begins with the hands and toes touching the floor, the body and legs in a straight line, feet slightly apart, the arms at shoulder width apart, extended and at right angles to the body. Keeping the back and knees straight, he lowers the body to a predetermined point, to touch some other object, or until there is a 90-degree angle at the elbows, then returns back to the starting position with the arms extended. This action is repeated.
Jogging or running, if done for longer duration increases the efficiency of heart and also reduces extra amount of fat of our body. It is slightly more strenuous than walking. It is a simple aerobic activity which is very useful in maintaining good health and fitness. All our muscles along with circulatory, respiratory and nervous system get exercised through jogging.
Cycling is also a very good exercise for the whole body which helps us to improve the aerobic capacity. It has to be done regularly for longer duration which also enables us to increasecardiovascular fitness along with the development of strength endurance.
These fitness rules help the peoples to reducing their obesity and increase their flexibility. It improves health and provides relaxation. Fitness helps in beautification of body and keeps the correct posture of body.